​Prof. Nüzhet Gökdoğan

​Hatice Nüzhet Gökdoğan
(14 August 1910 – 24 April 2003)

Prof. Gökdoğan was a Turkish astronomer, mathematician and academic. After studying mathematics and astronomy in France as a young adult, Gökdoğan returned to Turkey, joined the faculty of Istanbul University in 1934.
In 1937 she completed her PhD under the supervision of Prof. Erwin Freundlich.

She was elected Dean of the university's Faculty of Science in 1954, becoming the first Turkish woman to serve as a university dean, and she was later made Chair of the astronomy department. She significantly expanded the department's capacity and working to improve national and international collaboration between astronomers.

She was also the first woman academician teaching at Istanbul Technical University.

Gökdoğan co-founded the Turkish Mathematical Society, the Turkish Astronomy Association and the Turkish University Women's Association. She was Turkey's first national representative at the International Astronomical Union (IAU), and has been credited as Turkey's first female astronomer.

​Publications on Gö​kdoğ​an:​

Biography of Gö​kdoğan by Feryal Saygiligil in 2010:

Kainatta Bir Nokta, Feryal Saygılıgil  (Amazon)

Kainatta Bir Nokta, Feryal Saygılıgil  (GoodReads)

Kainatta Bir Nokta, Feryal Saygılı​gil  (Nadir Kitap)

Kainatta Bir Nokta, Feryal Saygılı​gil  (AbeBooks)

Books by Gö​kdoğan:

Fatih'ten Günümüze Astronomi - Prof. Dr. Nüzhet Gödoğan Sempozyumu, 7 Ekim 1993, İst. Üniv. Kuruluşunun 540. Yıldonümü  (Nadir Kitap)

Other Books on Astronomy

Memorial Page for Prof Gökdoğan at Turkish Astronomical Society

YouTube Video on Prof Gökdoğan: 1995 senesinde yayınlanan Cumhuriyete Kanat Gerenler serisinin Nüzhet Gökdoğan'ı anlatan bölümü

Prof. Erwin Finlay Freundlich

Prof. Freundlich (1885-1964) was a German astronomer. He was a working associate of Prof. Albert Einstei​n and had managed the Einstein Turm in Postsdam near Berlin, Germany. He was the Director of Einstein Institute.

Later in 1933, he was expelled by Nazi government from his university and was forced to leave Germany.
He was invited by the Turkish Government and emigrated to Turkey to serve in Istanbul between 1933-1937.

He was the PhD supervisor of Nü​zhet Gökdoğan at Istanbul University Department of Astronomy.

After 1937 he moved to a university in Prag​ue. When Nazis invaded ​Czechoslovakia in 1939, he moved to Scotland to the University of St. Andrews.

He introduced experiments for which the general theory of relativity could be tested by astronomical observations ​based on the gravitational redshift.

Our Memorial Page for Prof. Erwin Freundlich
   In front of Astronomy Institute, Istanbul University, 1937
   From left:
   2nd:  Dr. Wolfgang Gleissberg,

   3rd:   Prof. Erwin Finlay Freundlich,
   4th:   Nüzhet Gökdoğan.